Trees: Natural Property of Earth

Trees are vital. As the biggest plants on the planet, they give us oxygen, store carbon, stabilize the soil and give life to the world's wildlife. They also provide us with the materials for tools and shelter. In simple term tree is a tall plant with a trunk and branches made of wood. Trees can live for many years. The oldest tree ever discovered is approximately 5,000 years old. The four main parts of a tree are the roots, the trunk, the branches, and the leaves. 

The earliest known tree-like plants are the Gilboa tree, known from fossils dating back 385 million years ago. These plants attained heights of 25 feet, growing similar to a palm, which is incredible given the height of plants, 6 feet approximately during the early Middle Devonian. Since then, the history of tree-like forms evolved in several times. In fact, almost every plant group, including ferns, club-mosses, horsetails, and seed plants, have evolved tree-like forms. As per saying these kind of plants did not have leaves, they did not possess wood like a pine or oak tree. In fact, the details of how they grew is still a mystery given the limited fossil record of these plants. However fossils of tree-like Gilboa tree was found and is kept in New York. 

The first recognized true trees, which produced wood and increased the girth of the trunk was Archaeopteris. This plant is from an extinct group called the progymnosperms. They had a woody trunk and side branches similar to a pine tree. This plant also had leaves, that looked like fern fronds with spores. It was not a seed plant! Nothing like this exists on Earth today, but they set the stage for plants that would eventually reach heights of 350-400 feet.

When trees came into population or when forest was made by the great art of nature, they started to absorb and remove huge amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the environment. Forest caused in cooling of earth and then glaciers were formed at every end of year (Devonian period). Even researchers believe that the population growth of plants maybe the reason of life formation in ocean. 


Deforestation is termed as the decrease in forest areas across the world that are lost for other uses. Deforestation can lead to many severe problems like loss of habitat, increase in greenhouse gas, causing problem in water cycle or less rainfall, also soil erosion and flooding.

Now few of the main factors causing deforestation are:

Industrialisation- industrialisation plays a most lethal role in the global environment crisis. As industries have done many economic and consumer benefits towards the society, the dark and grieving side of it is also deforestation. Hundreds of forests have been destroyed in the name of industrialisation. Half of the forests are cleared to acquire land for industries and the rest gets affected by the activities being carried out in the industry with the use of harmful chemicals. Acquiring land is a process that takes place in a very large area because there is a need to provide residence to the labour as well. These construction projects require roads for an easy access to the site of construction. Roads are built on the forest land which covers even more space and becomes one of the main causes of deforestation. When these agricultural lands are converted into industries and factories, it destroys the ecosystem and brings several harmful effects on earth.

Urbanisation- Earth has a limited land where all it’s living creatures have shelter. Coming back from history it can be assumed that mankind has increased its population extensively and still increasing as result cities and towns pre build are full and humans slowly moves towards the forest as conclusion cutting them out and making their space to live in. . As the cities expand, there is an inevitable need to construct roads for access to these areas as well which includes the cutting of more and more trees. The increasing population that has moved to the cities demand wider roads with bridges to overcome traffic jams. Railways have laid down their own tracks on the agricultural land of forests and hence destroyed a large area that played a vital role in sustaining a healthy environment. Due to lack of planning, no new trees have been planted at the level they were being cut down. It’s very important to compensate for the trees that were brought down and plant them accordingly.

Human negligence- they also an important factor(s) for deforestation. One should solely understand the importance of trees and should have accountability towards the as trees just not gives us fresh air but also provides with food, shades, etc. There are many irresponsible activities performed human which caused severe accidents into deforestation like: accidental fire in forest by someone’s mistake as one has thrown something having mild fire flakes. There are also unplanned cutting of trees done which should be stopped. Forests are the oxygen to the environment and must be protected across the globe by every human. A few little actions of negligence may result in a loss of natural treasure. It’s the responsibility of every citizen to take part in saving and protecting this agricultural land in order to save earth from global warming and pollution effects. 


Afforestation refers to planting more trees in an area that does not have trees to create a forest. Afforestation leads in preventing soil erosion, stabilizing the climate, also having a potential to reverse global warming and climate change, improvising in air quality, improve watershed, preservation of wildlife, economic and commercial benefits.

Importance of afforestation are:

It provides an alternative source of tree products-Afforestation is helping alleviate the pressure on natural forests by providing an alternative source of tree products. In the commercial world, the demand is usually high for a specific type of tree. Afforestation allows stakeholders to plant the type of trees in demand, promoting the fast propagation of specific types of trees. The introduction of new supply of trees, for instance, can help to stabilize the cottage industry resulting in stable prices and business reliability. 

It leads in environmental benefit-planting trees in a barren land is on some occasions more beneficial than planting trees in a depleted or depleting forest. Planting trees in a depleted or recovering forests helps to restore the ecosystem of the area, but planting trees in a barren land helps to create a new ecosystem. Most governments and institutions have used afforestation to help revert the arid and semi-arid areas to productive areas. It also helps improve the appearance of barren lands to picturesque areas. 

In addition, An easy way to transform a barren land is by planting trees. Land with trees is more attractive and valuable than barren land. Whether one is seeking to develop or sell property, planting trees is surely a way to increase the property’s value.

Benefits of planting trees:

  • Trees combat climate change

  • Trees clean the air

  • Trees provide oxygen

  • Trees reduces air and water pollution

  • Trees conserve energy

  • Trees save water

  • Trees prevent soil erosion

  • Trees shield children from UV rays

  • Trees mark the seasons

  • Trees create economic opportunities

  • Trees provide shelter to habitat and wildlife

  • Tree increase property values

Do plant trees at your locality. Remember one tree absorbs approximately 20 kg of CO2 from the atmosphere every year. 

Written by: Ashutosh Pandey

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